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Skin Care Products > Articles > Acne Skin Care - What You Need To Know!

Acne Skin Care - What You Need To Know!

Posted On: - 2010-03-04 03:39:55

Acne isn't an easy skin condition,, be it occasional breakouts or regular appearance of blemishes and inflammation on the skin.

Formation of Pimples
Pimples are a result of excessive oil production within the skin pores. When the oil is unable to drain out of the pores, it combines with the dead skin cells causing blockage that further leads to acne.. Acne causing bacteria, called P. acnes, thrive on the oil and dead skin cell , thus causing the skin to become inflamed. This is how a pimple is formed.

Treatment of Acne
In order to prevent and treat acne, you need to follow 3 key guidelines:

Reduce oil in the skin so that acne causing bacteria doesn't thrive.
Exfoliate the skin's surface removing the dead skin that has been accumulating. This will improve the shape and function of skin pores.
Disinfect the skin to eliminate acne-causing bacteria.

There are several acne care systems and acne skin care products available on the market. However, it is important to note that there is no one single routine or medication that works for everyone. It is important to find a combination that works for your skin.

How to Fight Acne?

Keep your Face Clean
The cooling or tingling sensation caused by a product doesn't necessarily mean that it’s “working” on the skin. Rather, it can be skin irritation and products that serve to irritate the skin can cause potential damage to the skin pores thereby worsening acne inflammation. Therefore, use a mild cleanser that flushes out all the impurities from within the skin pores without stripping off the essential moisture and leaving it dry.

Exfoliate Regularly
Use a Beta Hydroxy Acid product or Alpha Hydroxy Acid product to exfoliate the skin at least twice a week. BHA is preferred over AHA because it is better at cutting through the oil within the skin pores. A good exfoliating scrub or exfoliating product will do the trick.

Use Products with Acne Fighting Ingredients
There are several ingredients that can help fight acne effectively and prevent or treat all forms of acne inflammation, breakouts and so on. Here are some powerful acne-fighting ingredients that you need to look out for:

Benzoyl Peroxide
This is the most popular over-the-counter acne care ingredient that help fights acne. It penetrates into the hair follicle to reach the acne causing bacteria and kills it, with very low risk of skin irritation. Moreover, it doesn't pose the problem of bacterial resistance like other prescription topicals.

Tea Tree Oil
This is another effective disinfectant that helps to reduce inflammations and reduce the oiliness of the skin. However, skin care products seldom contain more that 1% of tea tree oil.

Various forms of retinoids like Retin-A, Differin and Tazorac help to exfoliate the skin and treat acne effectively. In fact, if you use BHA or AHA skin care products along with retinoids, it highly increases the penetrative power of the latter.

Product Suggestions

Obagi Tretinoin Cream
Obagi Tretinoin Cream USP 0.1% is a derivative of Vitamin A and stimulates cell turnover. It has the active ingredient in Retin-A and is used to treat acne and scaly skin problems as well as has anti-aging benefits to reduce fine lines and wrinkles. 0.1% is the strongest Tretinoin cream Obagi sells and is only recommended for patients who have used this product before. The cream is also available in 0.05% and 0.025% concentration.

Skin Care Heaven Clarifying Acne Gel
It comes with 5% Benzoyl Peroxide and is a powerful anti-bacterial spot treatment gel for acne-prone skin. This is a light weight product that will reduce blemishes and leave the skin smooth and soft.

Naomi Andrews is a professional esthetician and skin care expert and has worked in several spas and medical spas in Maui. She has a special interest in researching about the use and effectiveness of acne skin care products and skin care cosmetics.