Exfoliation is an indispensable procedure in skin care regimens. It scrapes off the dead skin cells from the skin surface and unveils fresh and radiant skin from within. Some of the core benefits of exfoliation are:
It improves the skin texture and makes it more vibrant
It reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines
It removes dead skin cells from the surface
It unclogs the skin pores
It keeps the skin healthy and prevents acne breakouts and inflammations
There are 2 main types of exfoliation:
As the name suggests, mechanical exfoliation involves manual or \’mechanical\’ use of scrubs and exfoliating skin care products to scrape off dead skin cells from the skin surface. Exfoliants can be scrubs, crystals, natural ingredients and even baking soda. Mechanical exfoliation works more like the sand-paper effect and literally scrub of additional unwanted cells and impurities from the skin surface.
If you suffer from blackheads, mechanical exfoliation is extremely helpful in unclogging blocked skin pores and thus removing the accumulated dirt known as blackheads. However, you should avoid excessive mechanical exfoliation if you have sensitive skin. This is because it can irritate the skin and promote new acne breakouts and inflammations.
Chemical exfoliation break down the glue that holds skin cells together and make it possible for them to be sloughed off the skin surface easily. Alpha hydroxy acids and retinoids are good examples of chemical exfoliants. Chemical exfoliation is particularly suitable for people with mature or aging skin because the skin tends to become thin and dry with age and exfoliation makes sure new fresh cells continue to regenerate from within.
Be it mechanical or be it chemical, exfoliation should be a key step in your skin care regimen. Of course, how you do it and how often you do it depends totally on your skin condition!